To make an espresso, shoot boiling water under high pressure through finely ground up coffee beans and then pour into a tiny mug. Sounds simple right? Well, it’s surprisingly difficult to master. Espressos are the purest coffee experience you can get, and while they’re not for everyone, it can be a truly singular drinking experience when you find a good brew.
Ristretto is traditionally a short shot of espresso made with the normal amount of ground coffee but extracted with about half the amount of water. Since ristrettos are essentially the first half of a full-length extraction, the faster-to-extract compounds predominate in a ristretto. The opposite of a ristretto is a lungo, which is typically double the shot volume. Ristretto means “limited” or “restricted” in Italian whereas lungo means “long.”[citation needed]
Good news to all those coffee lovers out there: That cup of joe has quite a few health benefits, as long as you don't load it up with cream and sugar. A number of health organizations agree: The World Health Organization in June 2016 took coffee off the list of potentially carcinogenic foods, stating that java possibly protects again certain cancers, while the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee declared that three to five cups of coffee a day can be part of a healthy dietary pattern. In fact, research shows that black coffee can have a positive effect on conditions including diabetes, dementia and depression.